INSTALLING ZSH + OH-MY-ZSH + STARSHIP
Hi, welcome to my blog!
The objective of this article is to share my shell setup with you. I think that my job and day-to-day tasks became easier and more productive than using the “normal” bash. I hope that it helps you.
You will need the following tools:
- Zsh - The Z shell.
- Oh-My-Zsh - A framework for managing your Zsh configuration.
- Starship - A fast and customizable prompt for any shell!
I assume that you already have Git installed and have a little knowledge of using it to clone repositories.
First, you need to install Zsh. You can use your distribution package manager to install it easily.
After this, you should set Zsh as your default shell:
Now reboot your machine.
After rebooting, open your terminal and you should now be prompted by a Zsh configuration wizard. At this time you can just type q and ENTER because you will install and configure Oh-My-Zsh and it will install a ‘.zshrc’ template for us:
- curl or wget should be installed.
- git should be installed.
If Oh-My-Zsh was successfully installed, you should see that your prompt changes to a green one. The template configuration file is `~/.zshrc and it gives you tons of possibilities to configure your shell behavior, like prompt themes and plugins.
There are a lot of configurations that can be made in Zsh + Oh-My-Zsh, here I’ll just talk about a list of cool plugins that I use, but you can dive deeper to discover more possibilities.
Plugins should be placed in the
plugins=(...) session of the configuration file. I use the following:
|plugin name||brief description|
|colored-man-pages||adds colors to man pages|
|command-not-found||uses the command-not-found package for Zsh to provide suggested packages|
|docker||adds auto-completion for docker|
|git||provides many aliases and a few useful functions|
|npm||provides completion as well as adding many useful aliases|
|pep8||adds completion for pep8|
|pip||adds completion for pip|
|pyenv||loads pyenv and pyenv-virtualenv|
|python||adds several aliases for useful python commands|
|sudo||prefix your current or previous commands with sudo by pressing esc twice|
|systemd||provides many useful aliases for systemd|
|ubuntu||This plugin adds completions and aliases for Ubuntu|
|zsh_reload||type src to reload Zsh session|
|zsh-autosuggestions||suggests commands as you type based on history and completions|
|zsh-syntax-highlighting||package provides syntax highlighting|
You can always go to https://github.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/tree/master/plugins to see a complete list of plugins and their respective documentation.
The last two plugins on my list aren’t part of the default Oh-My-Zsh installation and should be installed separately. Maybe you can install it with your distribution package manager, but I do prefer to install it via Github to take advantage of possible new features.
As you are using Oh-My-Zsh as a plugin manager, and the plugins are already enabled in our .zshrc file, all you have to do is clone the project repository to our $ZSH_CUSTOM directory.
Just type the following commands.
For better support icons and symbols, you have to install a modern font like Nerd Fonts. I use the Meslo, but you can choose your own and test it.
Now you have to configure your terminal emulator to use Meslo Nerd Fonts.
To finish the task, the last step is to install Starship which will bring a lot of goodies to our Zsh shell. The installation is very simple, just type:
curlshould be installed.
Once installed, you have to enable it. Just place the following line at the end ~/.zshrc
It is a good idea to comment out the
ZSH_THEME entry in
The configuration of Starship is easy to understand. First, you need to create the
starship.toml file. It should be placed inside
After this, you have to fill the file with the options that you wish to change the default setup. By the way, the default setup is quite cool! As the configuration is a
.toml file, all the options are of the type
key : value, pretty intuitive.
Detailed information about every option is well described in the official documentation. However, I paste the one that I’m using to serve as a reference for you.
Close and reopen your terminal to see the results. Cool! Isn’t it
That’s it! I hope this article can be useful. Thanks for reading!